Vertical Vacuum Table for holding

Hey folks. I’m really green in the CNC world and am just beginning to build my CNC table. After discussing it with a friend who is already and avid CNCer, I want to build a vacuum table for piece holding.

Now I have limited space, and I have the 48 x 30” model. So I’m designing the table to be stored vertically. But could I permanently mount it vertically, and still utilize the vacuum table for holding the work piece in place? Has anyone tried this yet?

Odds are that I’m sticking with the vertical storage, horizontal running, but if there is some logic to keeping it on the wall, why not?


My thoughts are these - but I’ve never used a machine vertically, so beware!

I would put a slight backwards incline from the top, perhaps 5 degrees or so, and have a fixed guide on the bottom of the spoil/baseboard to rest the workpiece against it and help support the weight of it. I see no issues using a vacuum table (near) vertically, but be aware the Y axis (assuming the Y axis are going to be the vertical ones) will take some effort to move the X gantry (including the milling motor) upwards, so you might need to invest in stronger stepper motors and have one on both the Y1 and Y2 axes.

As I said, I’ve not done this and I haven’t got a LongMill to test it out.

Good luck!


@Forge Welcome to the group.

For info on running the Mill vertically, search on this forum and look at both the Sienci blog and their Youtube channel. Chris has several posts and plans. You do not need to invest in stronger stepper motors. There are a couple of ways to counter gravity. You can add counter weights to the XZ gantry and/or keep power to the Y motors all the time.

For a vacuum table ideas, you may want to look at CNCNutz Youtube channel. Peter has 4 videos on his experiments with vacuum tables. There are lots of other plans online, too. None of them that I have seen are used with a vertical table. Clearly one of the issues that will affect how well it works is that gravity is no longer your friend.

I played with a couple of designs and gave up on all of them. First, you need a good vacuum source. A standard shop vac will not last very long since it will heat up and fry the motor. You can buy a vacuum that has a bypass for cooling air. They are very pricey, but will do the job. I have a Gast vacuum pump that I use for the vacuum chuck on my lathe. It does not move near enough air for a vacuum table. It would hold large pieces in place, but did virtually nothing for small pieces. There simply was not enough surface area on most of the pieces that I cut out to make it work. At the shop, we have a commercial CNC machine and the vacuum pump is just smaller than a Volkswagen. Even then, small pieces fly off.

Instead, I made vacuum “pucks”. They work very well with my Gast. You can find store-bought ones on line. Rockler is one maker.

If you go ahead with this, please post about your experience.

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Thanks gwilki! That’s great advice. I’ll look at the pucks and see how they work. I might be able to make them too. I think I’ll create the vacuum table and just work horizontal though. I did some measurements and I can still store it vertically without issue (it’s being run close to my over head door hangers and I was worried it wouldn’t get by, but I don’t think that’s a problem now).

I’ll look into the bypass vacs you’re talking about. I haven’t bought my table vac yet so maybe since I’ve already spent the money to get into CNCing and this is a company project, I might as well go all in.

Thanks again for the advice!

Hmm, that’s a good idea! To be honest, I didn’t know how powerful the stepper motors are on the LongMill, hence my comment, but counterbalancing sounds like a good (and cheaper?) alternative.

@Forge Fein and Festool are two that I know of. Both very pricey. There may be others. The issue with using “ordinary” vacs is that the air coming through the vac hose is used to cool the motor. When you reduce that flow to almost nothing by trying to suck things down onto the table, the motors heat up. Fein and Festool have some sort of bypass that brings air to the motor directly rather than through the hose.

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I don’t know Fein, but Festool I’m a fan of. I have the CT MIDI dust collector, a plunge saw, router, sander and jig saw. I love their stuff and when connected to the MIDI there is nearly zero dust.

I was considering the Festool CT SYS for the suction but I didn’t know if that was a good use of the money. Now I think that’s exactly what I’ll do. I’ll just double check the cooling on it since it is a smaller unit.

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I’m interested in your vertical storage solution as I have a similar situation. What did you end up doing?

EDIT: My pictures didn’t take for some reason, but I have to run. I’ll try to figure out what I did wrong later so I can show you what I’ve done. Thanks for the interest GwenMakesThings! Merry Christmas!

I haven’t finished yet, because time hasn’t allowed me, but I’m hoping to wrap it up over Christmas. But my plan is working so far. What I’ve done is I’ve taken a 3/4" piece of plywood as my vacuum table top. I then took a 1/2" piece of plywood at my Spoilboard frame. I mounted the 1
/2" to the 3/4" and using a router bit extension I cut out the full width and depth of my 1/2" frame. That way I can use a spoilboard that is just about 100% my reach for the CNC machine. I cut that right through the 1/2" to create a window.

Once that was done, I then used the router bit extender to create my vacuum channels in the 3/4" board, including 6 zones where I can maximize the pressure for zone control. We then painted both boards to seal the bottom board and to dress up the holding board.

Now I’m building the cabinet that the table will mount to with hinges. I went to Home Depot and bought a chest of drawers as my center piece, and started building the sides as cabinets. I plan to but my Festool vac for the table suction into one of these doors to cut down a little bit of the noise. Because it isn’t
sealed, I’m not worried about air flow.

For my sender, I purchased a small i3 tiny form factor Lenovo computer that I’m going to build into the table. I also purchased a small 10.1" touch screen monitor that I plan to mount to a monitor arm and mount the arm to the table so I can set the sender and let it go.

Finally, when it is all said and done, I plan to mount a winch to my wall, and use it to raise and lower the CNC table when I’m not using it, to save space in my workshop, since the boys and I also use it as a man cave to watch the game on the projection screen. :wink: Here’s a picture of my pride and joy workshop ready for the Oilers game and our men’s annual Christmas dinner . :flushed:

Reach out and I’ll be glad to send you anything I can to help. I’ll even send you the files I created to make my vacuum bed through VCarve so you can modify it if you’d like.

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Hi GwenMakesThings. I’ve figured out the problem with the pictures, if you’re interested in seeing what I’ve done so far.